The Phoenix

 

The AIM-54 Phoenix is a radar-guided, long-range air-to-air missile (AAM), carried in clusters of up to six missiles on F-14 Tomcats, its only launch platform. The Phoenix was the United States’ only long-range air-to-air missile. The weapons system based on Phoenix was the world’s first to allow simultaneous guidance of missiles against multiple targets. Both the missile and the aircraft was used by the United States Navyand are now retired, the AIM-54 Phoenix in 2004 and the F-14 in 2006. They were replaced by shorter-rangeAIM-120 AMRAAMs, employed on the F/A-18 Hornet and F/A-18E/F Super Hornet. Following the retirement of the F-14 by the U.S., the weapon’s only current operator is Islamic Republic of Iran Air Force.

 

AIM-54 Phoenix

AIM-54 6 Pack.jpg
Type Long-range air-to-air missile
Place of origin United States
Service history
In service 1974–2004
Used by United States Navy (retired)
Iran
Production history
Manufacturer Hughes Aircraft Company
Raytheon Corporation
Unit cost US$$477,131
Produced 1966
Specifications
Weight 1,000–1,040 lb (450–470 kg)
Length 13 ft (4.0 m)
Diameter 15 in (380 mm)

Warhead 135 lb (61 kg), high explosive
Detonation
mechanism
Proximity fuze

Engine Solid propellant rocket motor
Wingspan 3 ft (910 mm)
Operational
range
100 nmi (190 km)
Flight ceiling 100,000 ft (30 km)
Flight altitude 80,000 ft (24 km)
Speed Mach 5 [1]
Guidance
system
Semi-active and active radar homing
Launch
platform
Grumman F-14 Tomcat

 

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